Saltwater Aquarium Maintenance: Proper Guideline

Saltwater aquarium is becoming popular day by day. Saltwater Aquarium Maintenance is more troublesome than freshwater aquarium. It is an exceptionally dependable and careful action. To keep a saltwater aquarium sound for beginners is difficult. Many people erroneously trust that saltwater aquariums needn't any decor at all. Fish from the oceans and seas are exceptionally wonderful in themselves and don't require extra design. You should keep in mind that some scenery is needed by the fishes themselves. They will fill in as assurance and shelter, help your pets survive with stress brought on by different reasons. Besides these, the greater part of the occupants of the oceans is extremely dynamic and versatile; they require a considerable measure of space with the expectation of complimentary swimming. For marine aquarium the most significant beautifying things are:

  • check-circle
    Corals 
  • check-circle
    La​va
  • check-circle
    Volcanic tuff
  • check-circle
    Living rocks
  • check-circle
    Customary decorations such as:
  • arrow-circle-o-down
    Small castles
  • arrow-circle-o-down
    Caves or shelters
  • arrow-circle-o-down
    Various snags
  • arrow-circle-o-down
    Grottoes, etc. 

Essential Equipment for Saltwater aquarium

To make a little aquarium world, you have to locate the correct equipment. Without it, you essentially cannot make a satisfying situation for the fish. The list of vital equipment includes:

  • cube
    Mechanical and biological filters.
  • cube
    Calcium reactor;
  • cube
    Stirring pump;
  • cube
    Ozonizer;
  • cube
    A flotator/skimmer or foam separator;
  • cube
    Water auto-discharge system;
  • cube
    Thermostat;
  • cube
    The device of clearing of glasses;
  • cube
    Siphon for cleaning the soil;
  • cube
    Spirit thermometer;
  • cube
    Water parameters testing kit;
  • cube
    Device for monitoring СО₂; 
  • cube
    Ultraviolet sterilizer;
  • cube
    Air conditioner for water purification from chlorine and metals.

Proper care for saltwater aquarium includes:

Your aquarium world is wonderful and fascinating. The life and strength of aquarium`s occupants rely on upon the maintenance of aquarium. Maintenance of a large aquarium is less troublesome than caring for a small aquarium. For 10 liters of water it is prescribed to colonize 2.5 cm of fish, 15 liters of water - 5 cm of fish, 35 liters of water - 10 cm of fish. The following activities should be done to keep your fish happy and healthy:

  • chevron-circle-right
    Water substitution 
  • chevron-circle-right
    Cleaning the glass;
  • chevron-circle-right
    Checking aquarium equipments (lights, filters, and so forth.);
  • chevron-circle-right
    Washing of filters;
  • chevron-circle-right
    Cleaning of the soil;
  • chevron-circle-right
    Inspection and encouraging of fish. 

Daily Care:

Daily care comprises of the accompanying:

  • check
    Timely upkeep of the aquarium. 
  • check
    Inspect the state of fish.
  • check
    Check the integrity of the tank.
  • check
    Check the temperature, transparency of water.
  • check
    Feeding- Feed the sea fish 2 times a day. During feeding, you should inspect the fish because at this time they are shown from shelters.
  • check
    Check the level of pH and ammonia.
  • check
    You need to clean the walls and partially replace the water once a week.
  • check
    Inspect the equipment (lights, filter, radiator and different equipment etc).
  • check
    Cover the aquarium with a lid- the water level decreases due to evaporation. You need to monitor this and add water in time. If you do not do it on time, the composition of the water can change, become more saturated.
  • check
    In time, clean filters, soil, plants, and decor.

Weekly Care

  • check
    Remove debris, 
  • check
    Reduce overgrown plants,
  • check
    Clean glass, etc.
  • check
    Partially change the water.
  • check
    In time, clean filters, soil, plants, and stylistic layout.
  • check
    Remove the film of dust from the surface of the water of an unclosed aquarium.

Some important steps to make your aquarium environment healthy:

Partial changes of water

The partial water replacement should be done. It is necessary that when the new water is added, you should carefully maintain the quality and mineral composition of the water to prevent sudden changes.

Cleaning the walls of the Aquarium

The walls of the aquarium are cleaned frequently. This should be finished with a sponge. Clean the glass gradually and neatly, so as not to scratch it. In many shops, scrubbers with sharp edges are sold - they should also be utilized with alert; however it is ideal to pick scrubbers with plastic edges for these reasons. The scratched glass looks ugly, and a short time later it will turn out to be exceptionally hard to clean it, since kelp or seaweed will be solidified in scratches, which will be hard to remove from. If the glass is overcrowded with algae excessively, it merits decreasing the lighting a bit.  In this case, you can add algae eating fish that eat algal bloom.

Cleaning of Apparatus

The radiator, filter, different apparatuses and style components must be expelled and washed. In this case, you should follow the instructions for these devices.

Cleaning the Filters

Care of the filter starts with the cleaning and substitution of cleaning components, it relies on upon the sort of filter. To clean the filter, you can utilize the producer's guidelines. If synthetic threads or a sponge are used as filter elements, they must be washed. Many filter components such as coal or peat should be replaced periodically. A few materials such as limestone, crushed stone should be washed. Appropriate support is essential for a biological filter. The filter material is delicately flushed in a container of aquarium water. Before cleaning the biological filter, it is worth to lessen the load on it, diminishing the fish's eating regimen one day before cleaning and after that steadily expanding it to typical level inside 3-6 days. 

Soil Cleaning

In this case, special devices are utilized such as siphons which evacuate little particles such as nourishment garbage and fish fertilizer that can begin to decay. It should be guaranteed that during the cleaning of the soil, don't deplete excessively water, the same number of plants and fish are all around tolerated just by substituting a specific rate of water.

Care of Plants

In this case, expel the leaves that have turned yellow, strip if essential and clean the leaves from the residue that has settled on them. Plants utilize food waste as a food source. For optimum growth of plants fertilizer should be applied. In this case you should choose fertilizer which can soluble in water slowly. Choosing the perfect plants is also very very important.

Lighting

For proper lighting the aquarium, fluorescent lamps should be selected which emit less light. They should be changed about at regular intervals to keep up the correct lighting. You should also wash the lighting top, the top glass, the external dividers of the aquarium, the table etc.

Care of a few Components of Hardware

  • check
    Rubber components and hoses should be replaced frequently.  
  • check
    In air stones and in non-return valves, it is important to occasionally wash and replace air filters;
  • check
    Sprays should be cleaned and periodically it should be changed;
  • check
    Periodically grease up cylinder air stones and give for upkeep (flow the guidelines).

Aquarium Water Management

To manage aquarium water, you require extra learning, testing instruments. Remarkable changes of aquarium water can seriously influence the well-being of the neighborhood fauna. To keep your aquarium water sound, the accompanying measure should be taken:

  • check
    Care for water in the aquarium is the most critical activities. A partial water change is required (10-12% of the volume, 2 times each month). In this case, the water should have the same composition with salinities and temperature;
  • check
    Monitoring salinities of water, its temperature, pH, and different elements and composition;
  • check
    Checking the operation of instruments;
  • check
    Cleaning of glasses, design components;
  • check
    Removal of overgrown plants; 
  • check
    Adding calcium, different minerals and vitamins;
  • check
    Removal of wastes; 
  • check
    Check the number and health of fish and other aquarium occupants;
  • check
    Replicating lights;
  • check
    Replacing coal;
  • check
    Greasing up motors and other equipment. 
  • check
    During changing water, you must add sea salt at the rate of 7 g salt per liter of water and dissolve it. The density should to be 1022 - 1024 gm per liter;
  • check
    The level of alkali and nitrites should not exceed 0.8 mg per liter.
  • check
    The pH level should be over 7.8.
  • check
    The temperature should be 26 ° C.

Final Verdict

The aquarium is a closed aquatic ecosystem. For betterment of your aquarium occupants, the aquarium needs consistent cleaning, care, checking the operation of the instruments, measuring the hydro-chemical parameters of the water and observing the health of the fish, and giving well-timed treatment. Keep in mind that periodic cleaning the aquarium looks ugly; plants and fish die more frequently. In this case, you need regular maintenance of the aquarium to keep your aquarium environment sound and healthy.

Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 0 comments

Leave a Reply: